1 to 4 Years

For All Ages:

• Keep home smoke free

• Learn CPR & First Aid

• Install smoke alarms on every floor

• Test alarms monthly and replace batteries

• Keep water heater temperature below 120 degrees fahrenheit

• Don’t hold a child when carrying hot foods or liquids

• Obey water safety signs

• Teach children how to swim and when to call 911

Developmental Stages & Accomplishments

Child begins to climb and use objects as a ladder. The child is able to reach higher and open doors and gates.

• Becoming an individual is important. The child learns to say “no”. Insists on doing things differently. Challenges parents.

Water Safety

  • Never leave child alone near any water, including baths. 
  • Empty buckets of liquids. 
  • Keep toilet lids locked; use toilet locks. 
  • Install (4ft minimum) fencing around pool.
  • Use life jackets approved by U.S. Coast Guard in a kayak, canoe or boat.
  • Obey water safety signs.

Street Safety

  • Do not allow child to play near street or parked cars.
  • Teach child good walking habits – stop at curb, look both ways, cross streets only with adults.
  • Make sure bike helmet is worn the right way – low over forehead, strap tight.

Shaken Baby Syndrome

  • Never shake a keiki or play too rough; don’t tickle too much or throw too high into air.

Car Safety

  • Always buckle child correctly into child passenger safety seat, in back seat of car.
  • Never put child in front of an airbag.
  • Don’t let child ride in back of pick-up truck.

Fall Prevention

  • Put gates and locks on stairways, lanais and doors.
  • Do not put furniture next to windows where child can pile up things to climb out; use window guards.
  • ALWAYS supervise child at playgrounds; check playground equipment.

Choking Prevention

  • No balloons, plastic bags or small objects near that can go into child’s mouth.
  • Make sure child has enough teeth to swallow foods being served.

Poison Prevention

  • Use safety caps on all medicines. Keep household cleaning products out of reach, in storage bins.
  • Teach child about poisonous plants and bugs.
  • Check baby for lead poisoning at age 2.
  • Keep poison control hotline number handy: 1-800-222-1222

Fire & Burn Prevention

  • Do not allow child to play with fireworks.
  • Do not smoke in home or around child.
  • Keep matches and lighters away from child.
  • Keep hot liquid and foods out of child’s reach.
  • Turn pot handles away from stove’s edge.
  • Apply sunscreen of SPF 15 or higher on a child.

Firearm Safety

  • Keep guns unloaded in home and ammunition locked separately from guns.
  • Ask if homes where child visits have guns.