1 to 4 Years
Developmental Stages & Accomplishments
• Child begins to climb and use objects as a ladder. The child is able to reach higher and open doors and gates.
• Becoming an individual is important. The child learns to say “no”. Insists on doing things differently. Challenges parents.
- Never leave child alone near any water, including baths.
- Empty buckets of liquids.
- Keep toilet lids locked; use toilet locks.
- Install (4ft minimum) fencing around pool.
- Use life jackets approved by U.S. Coast Guard in a kayak, canoe or boat.
- Obey water safety signs.
- Do not allow child to play near street or parked cars.
- Teach child good walking habits – stop at curb, look both ways, cross streets only with adults.
- Make sure bike helmet is worn the right way – low over forehead, strap tight.
Shaken Baby Syndrome
- Never shake a keiki or play too rough; don’t tickle too much or throw too high into air.
- Always buckle child correctly into child passenger safety seat, in back seat of car.
- Never put child in front of an airbag.
- Don’t let child ride in back of pick-up truck.
- Put gates and locks on stairways, lanais and doors.
- Do not put furniture next to windows where child can pile up things to climb out; use window guards.
- ALWAYS supervise child at playgrounds; check playground equipment.
- No balloons, plastic bags or small objects near that can go into child’s mouth.
- Make sure child has enough teeth to swallow foods being served.
- Use safety caps on all medicines. Keep household cleaning products out of reach, in storage bins.
- Teach child about poisonous plants and bugs.
- Check baby for lead poisoning at age 2.
- Keep poison control hotline number handy: 1-800-222-1222
Fire & Burn Prevention
- Do not allow child to play with fireworks.
- Do not smoke in home or around child.
- Keep matches and lighters away from child.
- Keep hot liquid and foods out of child’s reach.
- Turn pot handles away from stove’s edge.
- Apply sunscreen of SPF 15 or higher on a child.
- Keep guns unloaded in home and ammunition locked separately from guns.
- Ask if homes where child visits have guns.